The Queen of the United States of America
- uploaded: Jun 13, 2012
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It is similar in that both the US Congress and the UK Parliament both have two houses; for Congress they are the House of Representatives (lower house) and the Senate (upper house) and for Parliament they are the House of Commons (lower house) and the House of Lords (upper house).
The House of Representatives is very similar to the House of Commons in that all members (Representatives in the US and Members of Parliament in the UK) are elected by and to represent the citizens in their electoral district. The House of Lords is not as similar to the Senate however; the Senate is composed of Senators who are elected by the people of the state while the House of Lords is composed of mostly peers who have been appointed for life (along with a few bishops and a few hereditary peers who have been elected by their fellows).
All elections to these institutions are by ‘first past the post’, which means that the candidate with the most votes, even if he or she has no majority of the votes, is the winner.