- uploaded: Jan 19, 2013
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Mexican archaeologists discover various Mayan burial sites reportedly dating back 1,200 years near the ruins of ancient world wonder Chichen Itza.
Archaeologists in Mexico have uncovered various 1,200 year-old Mayan burial grounds near the Maya ruins of Chichen Itza in southern Mexico.
Recent excavations to expand a highway revealed the latest archaeological find just 12 miles from Chichen Itza.
Archaeologists found at least seven bones in rectangular graves, as well as some 30 ceramic pieces, pottery, plates, glasses, obsidian points, jade beads and seashell earrings at the site.
Archaeologist, Marisa Carrillo, said the findings are important because they indicate a large settlement and an occupation period.
[Marisa Carrillo, Archaeologist]:
"The interesting thing about these burial grounds are the offerings found. The offerings mark an occupation period. The ceramics, the chronology make us realize these burials were important in that period because of the type of offerings used. We found, each burial contained two, three and even four offerings and in some cases, these offerings were imported, brought from other regions with glyphs and preserved pieces."
Estimated to date back to 600 to 800 C.E. before the peak of Chichen Itza's classical period, the burial sites reveals an important population of Mayan communities may have inhabited the region away from the ancient capital city, the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) said in a news release.
Archaeologist, Jose Osorio, said the settlers found here might have once lived in the larger cities.
[Jose Osorio, Archaeologist]:
"Normally burial sites of this type reflect on the lifestyle of the community who used to live in larger cities, the type of people who built the pyramids we have around us."
The Maya were among the great ancient civilizations of Mesoamerica, building cities with elaborate ceremonial centers and soaring stone pyramids from modern day Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador.
Although the Maya dominated the region for some 2,000 years, the ancient civilization left their urban centers for unknown reasons around 900 C.E.