- uploaded: Aug 3, 2013
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The Ancient Aryan settlement discovered
Russian archaeologists have unearthed some ancient and virtually unknown settlements, which they believe were built by the original Aryan race about 4,000 years ago.
According to the team which has discovered 20 spiral-shaped settlements in remote Russia steppe in southern Siberia bordering Kazakhstan, the buildings date back to the beginning of the Western civilisation in Europe.
The settlements, experts said, could have been built over 4,000 years ago by the original Aryan race whose swastika symbol was later adopted by the Nazis in the 1930s.
TV historian Bettany Hughes, who explored the desolate part of the steppe for BBC programme 'Tracking The Aryans,' said, "Potentially, this could rival ancient Greece in the Age of the Heroes."
Unknown till now
The remains of the ancient city were explored for the first time around 20 years ago, shortly after the then-Soviet officials relaxed the laws banning non-military aerial photography.
But, as the region is so remote, the incredible cities remained unknown until now, the archaeologists said. The cities are about the same size as several of the city states of ancient Greece and would have housed between 1,000 and 2,00 people.
The Aryan's language has been identified as the precursor to a number of modern European tongues. Many English words such as brother, oxen and guest have all been tracked to the Aryans.
Swasika all over
Items that have been dug up at the sites include make-up equipment, a chariot, and numerous pieces of pottery.
The artefacts were daubed in Swastikas, which were used in ancient times. The genesis of the swastika symbol is often treated in conjunction with cross symbols in general, such as the "sun wheel" of Bronze Age religion.
Another explanation is suggested by Carl Sagan in his book Comet. Sagan suggests that in antiquity a comet could have approached so close to Earth that the jets of gas streaming from it, bent by the comet's rotation, became visible, leading to the adoption of the swastika as a symbol across the world.
The Swastika and Aryan race were later adopted by Hitler and the Nazis as symbols of their so-called master race.
Ancient texts unearthed
Evidence of ritual horse burials were found at the site, with ancient Aryan texts that describe the animals being sliced up and buried with their masters.
Ms. Hughes, a visiting research fellow at King's College London, said that ancient Indian texts and hymns described sacrifices of horses and burials and the way the meat was cut off and the way the horse was buried with its master.
"If you match this with the way the skeletons and graves are being dug up in Russia, they are a millimetre-perfect match."