S-1A Russian 24-barrel multiple rocket launcher
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TOS-1 (Russian: -1 - , English: Heavy Flame Thrower System) is a Soviet 220mm 30-barrel (original system, or TOS-1M) or 24-barrel ( or TOS-1A) multiple rocket launcher and thermobaric weapon mounted on a T-72 tank chassis. TOS-1 was designed for defeating enemy personnel in fortifications, in open country, and in lightly armoured vehicles and transport. First combat tests took place in 1988-1989 in the Panjshir Valley during the Soviet war in Afghanistan. The TOS-1 was shown for the first time in public in 1999 in Omsk.