ANCIENT RUINS OF SOUTHERN AFRICA

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PostSun Aug 02, 2009 2:41 pm » by brillbilly


good topic,there is so many ancient places in africa,most people have never herd of like this site ArchNET Resources for African Archaeology

Grinco's Archaeology: Images from South Africa

The Koobi Fora Field School

Lepcis Magna - The Roman Empire in Africa

Archaeology Africa

BANI (Base d'Anthropologie physique du Niger) French

Mali Interactive

Michael C. Carlos Museum: Permanent Collection: Sub-Saharan African Art

Mystery of Great Zimbabwe

Ancient West African City of Benin

Ethnoarchaeological Research in the Ethiopian Highlands

Stone circles of The Gambia

Koobi Fora Exploration

The Garamantes of the Fezzan

Hadrian Baths at Leptis Magna

Tour of the major sights of the site of Lepcis Magna

The Rock Paintings of the Upper Brandberg

Geelbek Dunes, West Coast National Park, South Africa

The Iron Age Sites of GREEFSWALD

Makapansgat Valley

Thulamela

Gebel Barkal, Nubia

Soudan (First Nubian state, 2500-1500 BC)

Exploring Nubia

The Mahas Survey Project

Archaeology in the Sudan

Neolithic Skywatchers -- standing stones and megalithic structures in the Nubian Desert

Nubia Salvage Project

Roman Africa

Center of Studies of African Archaeology

Ancient Nile Valley: Kingdoms of Kerma and Punt

The Virtual Institute of Mambila Studies

Journal of African Archaeolody

African Archaeological Review

African Archaeology -- The Search for the Beginnings of Humankind

CNN - Africa losing priceless relics

Enlisting Villagers as Spies Stops Smuggling of African Art

Africa Reparations Movement -- Stolen African Treasures

Archaeologists in ancient African community find

Libya Rock Art

Ancient Culture and Cognition in Africa Project

Tanzanian dig unearths ancient secret

The Asante Kingdom

Base d'Anthropology Physique du Niger -- Institut de Recherche en Sciences Humaines de l'Universite de Niamey (France)

Current Research in Africa -- University of Calgary

Mission Archéologique et Ethnoarchéologique Suisse en Afrique de l'Ouest

Northeast Nigeria, Archaeological Research: Johann Wolfgang-Goethe-University of Frankfurt am Main, Germany

The Ghana Ethnoarchaeological Project

Projet Maya-Wandala

Leptiminus Archaeological Project, Tunisia -- University of Michigan

African Studies -- University of Pennsylvania

Research Unit for the Archaeology of Cape Town

Ceramics, metal craft and settlement in south-eastern Zimbabwe since ca 1400AD

Archaeologist helps unroot hominid prints

African and Comparative Archaeology at Uppsala University

Stone Tools from Sterkfontein

Tombs, Landscape and Society in Southern Madagascar

African Rock Art -- Apollo 11 Cave (ca. 25,5000 -25,500 B.C.) and Wonderwerk Cave Stones (ca 8,000 B.C.)
African Rock Art
Africa: Continent of Origins
Ammaedara, une ville au coeur de l'Afrique romaine et byzantine
Maroc - Dchar Jdid Colonia Iulia Constantia Zilil
Maroc - De Lixus à Volubilis, les monuments religieux de Maurétanie tingitane
El Akarit, un gisement du Paléolithique moyen dans le sud de la Tunisie
Tunisie - Sidi Jdidi, l'ancienne cité de ARADI
Afrique du Sud - Drimolen, Le peuplement des Hominidés en Afrique du Sud au cours du Plio-Pléistocène, Un projet de la PESA (Palaeontological Expedition to South Africa)
Gedi, une cité islamique médiévale du Kenya
Nubie soudanaise - Gism el-Arba, Un habitant du royaume de Kerma, en Nubie soudanaise
L'île de Saï, L'homme et son environnement en Nubie soudanaise
Sedeinga, un chef lieu régional de Nubie soudanaise
Tuto Fela, les stèles du Sidamo en Ethiopie
Photos of Archaeological Sites in Sub-Saharan Africa
Photos of Archaeological Sites in North Africa
The Fezzan Project: Geoarchaeology of the Sahara
The Geoarchaeology of Western Sahara
http://www.cyberpursuits.com/archeo/af-arch.asp :cheers:

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PostSun Aug 02, 2009 5:02 pm » by Newearthman


We humans are just stuck in the middle of whatever is going on out there like pawns in a chess match. I'm thinking the next couple of generations will view Earth far differently than we do now. I'm hopeing for disclosure of our history/aliens will happen soon or at least while I am still young.
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PostSun Aug 02, 2009 5:47 pm » by Blacky


newearthman wrote:We humans are just stuck in the middle of whatever is going on out there like pawns in a chess match. I'm thinking the next couple of generations will view Earth far differently than we do now. I'm hopeing for disclosure of our history/aliens will happen soon or at least while I am still young.


We can always hope! :flop:
weather it will happen ???
:cheers:
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PostSun Aug 02, 2009 11:32 pm » by -Marduk-


Discovering the Oldest Man-made Structures on Earth: Adam's Calendar


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75,000 years ago early humans built a stone calendar that predates all other man-made structures found to date. This ‘African Stonehenge’ has for the first time created a link to the countless other stone ruins in southern Africa and suggests that these ruins are much older than we thought. The complex that links Waterval Boven, Machadodorp, Carolina and Dullstroom, covers an area larger then modern-day Johannesburg.

Six years of research by a group of independent scientists and explorers has delivered what may be the crucial missing elements in our understanding of the lives and development of early modern humans. Their discovery has been released in a book they call Adam’s Calendar. But the research has also shown that these stone settlements represent the most mysterious and misunderstood structures found to date. It points to a civilisation that lived and dug for gold in this part of the world for thousands of years. And if this is in fact the cradle of humankind, we may be looking at the activities of the oldest civilisation on Earth.

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Johan Heine manages the largest group of fire fighters and fire fighting fleet of aircraft in Africa. As a pilot he has been flying over the mountains of Mpumalanga for over 20 years. He instantly took a keen interest and started photographing thousands of strange circular stone ruins that lie scattered throughout this region. After consulting various so-called experts on their origins he was informed that these were merely remains of “cattle kraal” left behind by the migrating Bantu people from the north in the 14th century until about the 18th century. But it was an almost fatal air crash by one of his crew that brought him to discover the mysterious monolithic circle we now call Adam’s Calendar and put the entire mystery of these ancient ruins into perspective.

Johan spotted the strange monoliths standing upright in the centre of a larger eroded circular structure, right on the edge of a high mountain cliff. After dealing with the crashed aircraft and recovering the pilot who only suffered a broken arm, Johan returned to investigate the monoliths. This is when he truly discovered how amazingly blind, ‘those who will not see’ can be. He brought about 5 academics to the site in search of explanations, but not one of them could see the true significance of the discovery, claiming that these were just random stones.

This was a big blow to his original excitement but like a true explorer he did not stop there.

The site is situated on the edge of what is known as the Transvaal Escarpment which is geologically black reef quartzite, rich in gold. This is incidentally where the gold rush took place in the early 1800’s. But the monoliths at Adam’s Calendar are all dolerite. The closest vein of dolerite to the site is about a kilometre away. This means that the architects went to a lot of trouble to get the monoliths there. The central monolith is purposefully carved to allow the setting sun to cast a shadow on what we call the flat calendar monolith.

Johan began to measure and calculate the layout and parameters of the monoliths. Using his years of experience in aeronautical science and navigation he very quickly realised that the circular structure was purposefully designed and aligned to the cardinal points of Earth, including equinoxes and solstices.

But it was only six years later and many more explorations with amazing new discoveries on every trip to the mountain top, that the site was accurately surveyed and the true age of the monoliths was revealed. It turned out that the north, south east, west alignment is out by 3 degrees - 17 minutes - 43 sec. This means that we are dealing with a structure at least 25,000 years old based on archaeoastronomic calculations. Further studies of the geology, erosion, alignments with stars and lichen growth has allowed us to reach reasonable sound and scientific conclusion that this site is at least 75,000 years old, and possibly even older.

Mysterious ancient ruins of southern Africa. It is estimated that there are over 20,000 ancient stone ruins scattered throughout the mountains of southern Africa. Modern historians have been speculating about the origins of these ruins, often calling them ‘cattle kraal of little historic importance’. The truth of the matter is that closer scientific inspection paints a completely different and astonishing new picture about the ancient history of these stone ruins of southern Africa. The scientific reality is that we actually know very little about these spectacular ancient ruins and it is a great tragedy that thousands have already been destroyed through sheer ignorance by forestry, farmers and development.

After my personal explorations on foot and by air over the past year in 2008, I can confidently estimate the number of ancient stone ruins to be closer to 100,000.

This figure was confirmed by Prof. Revil Mason in January 2009.

This immediately poses a huge problem for archaeologists, anthropologists and historians because the accepted history of this part of the planet does not at any time in our past place anywhere nearly enough people here to have built this number of structures. It gets even more complex when you realise that these were not just isolated structures left behind by migrating hunter-gatherers. The true reality hits you when you take in the magnitude and expanse of these settlements and witness the staggering number of ancient terraces that surround these settlements that cover over 200,000 square kilometres and possibly much more. A detailed archaeological scrutiny of photographic evidence of some of these terraces shows some to be at least 5000 years old.

The complex that links Waterval Boven, Machadodorp, Carolina and Dullstroom, covers around 5,000 square kilometres, which is a larger area then modern-day Johannesburg.

Most of the original settlement structures are well buried beneath the soil and can only be seen from the air by a sensitised observer. It gets even more confusing when you observe the ancient roads that link all these settlements together and span what we have estimated to be at least 500 kilometres. The position of the ancient road sections that we have discovered suggest that it once ran continuously from the coast of Mozambique to Botswana and possibly beyond. A rough calculation shows that the original ancient roads would have required over 500 million stones of between 10 and 50 kilograms to construct. If we assume that the roads only make up 2 percent of the ancient settlements, the number of stones required to build the entire ancient city/settlement becomes unthinkable. This is simply not possible with the current model of ancient civilisation in southern Africa. The other issue we need to deal with is the need for roads, since it was previously believed that the wheel only arrived in this part of the world with the Portuguese explorers in the 1400’s.

While some archaeological digs have been performed at well publicised locations like Thula Mela, the mistake these explorers make is to stop digging when they find the first layer of remains and artefacts. This is also however the result of political pressure and ignorance from indigenous bantu people from 200 to 400 years ago, who erroneously believe that they were the first inhabitants of these sites, claiming it to be their sacred burial ground or other emotional outbursts. It is unfortunately the political muscle from the current political leadership that dictates our ability to expose the true ancient history of southern Africa. And since our academics at the universities are paid by the government, they are not prepared to bite the hand that feeds them, even if it means they have to promote what seem to be pseudo-science and half-truths. It therefore falls on the shoulders of independent scientists to expose these paramount discoveries.

Oldest City on Earth

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It would not be unthinkable that we are possibly looking at the oldest settlements on Earth. Artefacts that have been recovered from these ruins show a long and extended period of settlement that spans well over 200,000 years. Over the past three decades several researchers have raised this issue only to be ridiculed and often ostracised. Many leading scientist and historians have since voiced their support for such ancient origins. Since southern Africa is the cradle of humankind, we should not be surprised to find such ruins, but we should rather expect these discoveries. The reality seems to be that we are dealing with what is possibly the largest and most mysterious ancient civilisation on Earth.


What were they doing?

It is important to note that the mysterious ruins of southern Africa, which include Great Zimbabwe and thousands of similar ruins in that country, also extend into Botswana, Zambia, Kenya and Mozambique. But why were these ancient people here in the first place? What were they doing?

The past 200 years has seen a number of explorers write in great detail about these ruins, but their findings have been largely forgotten and their books are out of print. Most of these early explorers write about thousands of ancient mine shafts found in close proximity to these ruins. In fact, most of these mines have been described as gold mines. Should we be surprised by this discovery? In personal experience and research I have found at least 5 ancient mine shafts in gold-rich areas and been told of dozens more by farmers from the area. It seems that gold mining has been going on here for a lot longer than most of us ever imagined.



How does Adam’s Calendar fit into the ancient ruin picture?


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Adam’s Calendar is the flagship among these ruins because we can date this monolithic calendar with relative certainty to at least 75,000 years of age based on a number of scientific evaluations. In turn Adam’s Calendar points to the diverse ancient history of southern Africa and presents the first tangible evidence of the earliest humans in the ‘Cradle of humankind’.

The Orion Connection & The Hawk Head of Horus

This remarkable stone structure of Adam’s Calendar was originally a large circular structure resembling but predating Stonehenge by many thousands of years. Its original shape is still clearly visible from satellite images. Adam’s Calendar is built along the same 31 degree longitudinal line as Great Zimbabwe and the Great Pyramid of Giza. Three of the monoliths are aligned with the rise of Orion’s belt when it rose horizontally on the horizon some 75,000 years ago. A recent observation is that the fallen monolith on the outer circle that marks the vernal equinox sunrise is shaped like the Horus hawk head from Egypt and the resembles the Zimbabwe ruins birds. This is the oldest statue of the Horus hawk by a long shot and should attract great interest in the years to come. Adam’s Calendar takes us further back in time closer to the emergence of Homo sapiens, than any other structure ever found to date, and it will force historians and archaeologist to reconsider ancient human activity and consciousness.

Ancient Humans

Southern Africa holds some of the deepest mysteries in all of human history. Although much has been written about the first humans who appeared in this part of the world, we have found very little evidence of their activity or what they did and what kind of lives they led from around 250,000 years ago to 75,000 years ago. What we are told is that around 60,000 years ago the people from Africa began to migrate north and eventually populated the whole planet.

Who were these first humans?

What did they do?

How did they live?

And where did they disappear to?


The first signs of human intelligence and consciousness only appeared around 75 000 years ago, when the Khoisan people of southern Africa started leaving behind an array of spectacular cave paintings all over this part of the continent. Finely crafted beads and bracelet fragments found in a cave at Blombos in the Western Cape, South Africa, show that these early humans had already developed a feel for the arts and crafts.

The legends become even more vivid when we learn about the great empire of Monomotapa whose kings were powerful and wealthy in gold. When we move to around 1000 BC we encounter the mysterious Queen Sheba who ruled a kingdom in the lost land of Ophir, teeming with endless supplies of gold; and the wise and wealthy king Solomon who seduced Queen Sheba and obtained all his gold from her.

Is it possible that there really was such a place?

Was it really filled with limitless wealth in gold?


Was it here where the wealthiest kings on Earth got their gold?

This is after all the place where most of the gold in the world has been mined in modern history, and it was no different in ancient times. Is it a coincidence that the richest gold mine in the world today, Sheba Gold Mine, is located right here in Mpumalanga, South Africa? These may seem like naïve questions to some, but after witnessing the enormous ancient cities and civilisations in southern Africa myself, I am convinced that what we think we know about our ancient human history is further from the truth than we ever imagined. It is also important to note that the word ‘Ophir’ stems from the ancient near-eastern name for Africa which was ‘Afir’ or ‘Aphir’. This later led to the people of Africa being referred to as “K’Afir” and we all know where this expression led to.

Adam’s Calendar firmly places the many ancient ruins of southern Africa at a point in history that we modern humans have never faced before some 75,000 ago.






Moon Anomalies & Adam's Calendar 1-12







Publisher and TV Producer Michael Tellinger discussed lunar anomalies and a new archeological discovery in South Africa which could reveal secrets of early man. "You've got to follow the clues and if you follow the clues, they will take you to a place that often makes you feel very uncomfortable but you've got to believe where your research takes you," he said regarding his research into lunar anomalies.







Tellinger discussed strange aspects of the moon which suggest that it is more than just a natural satellite which revolves around the Earth. He asserted that the idea that NASA simply ran out of money and stopped going to the moon "smells of a bunch of rubbish." He cited a number of oddities about the moon, including how astronauts spoke in code about UFOs seen there, instruments which picked up water vapor, and longstanding observations of lights on the lunar surface. On what the moon may really be, Tellinger suggested it is "most likely being used as a base for extraterrestrial craft."







"We have found something truly remarkable, truly unique, and most likely the oldest manmade structure on earth," he said of the South African site dubbed "Adam's Calendar" which his research indicates is around 75,000 years old. According to Tellinger, the site was "a circular structure, like Stonehenge" that featured rocks which aligned with "the cardinal geographical points of Earth" along with the solstices and equinoxes. He explained that the dating of the site was derived from the fact that it did not match up with the contemporary position of the Sun, thus via archaoastronomy they determined the age of the monument.







Speculating on what the site had been used for, Tellinger noted that four separate psychics had all given the same reading for "Adam's Calendar." He said that these consistent statements said that the area was the oldest structure on Earth, at least 75,000 years old, the site of much human sacrifice, and that it is "an active portal for extraterrestrials."





He theorized that this portal may have been used by ETs in gold mining operations in the distant past, as the work of Zecharia Sitchen suggests.
Last edited by -Marduk- on Sun Aug 02, 2009 11:39 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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PostSun Aug 02, 2009 11:38 pm » by -Marduk-


Sahara 'Stonehenge' oldest yet, scientists say in 1998


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WASHINGTON (Reuters) -- Ancient Stonehenge-style stones spotted in Egypt's Sahara Desert are the oldest megaliths yet discovered and probably served as both calendar and temple, researchers said on Wednesday. The site, known as Nabta, is between 6,000 and 6,500 years old, they reported in the science journal Nature. This would make it 1,000 years older than Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England and similar sites.

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"This is the oldest documented astronomical alignment of megaliths in the world," University of Colorado at Boulder astronomy professor J. McKim Malville said in a statement. "A lot of effort went into the construction of a purely symbolic and ceremonial site." The stone slabs, some of which are 9 feet high, were dragged to the site from a mile or more away. Several are lined up in an east-west direction. "These vertical sighting stones in the circle correspond to the zenith sun during the summer solstice," said Malville, who specializes in ancient astronomy.

"For many cultures in the tropics, the zenith sun has been a major event for millennia." There are also giant stones standing alone. During summer and fall, they would have been partially submerged in the lake and may have been ritual markers for the onset of the rainy season. "The organization of these objects suggest a symbolic geometry that integrated death, water and the sun," Malville said.
The groundwork for Egypt's great civilization

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The Nabta site includes a stone circle, several flat, tomb-like stone structures and five lines of standing and toppled megaliths. One of the rocks looks like a cow, and archeologists have dug up remains of cattle at the site. The Stone Age herders who visited the site used cattle in their rituals just as the African Masai do now. Archeologists have also found other artifacts such as carved ostrich eggs.

The Nabta site was found several years ago by a team led by Southern Methodist University anthropology professor Fred Wendorf. Wendorf, Malville and colleagues did a satellite survey of the site last year.

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It sits on the shoreline of a lake that probably began filling with water about 11,000 years ago. The area was used by nomads until about 4,800 years ago, when annual monsoon rains moved southwest and the area again became too dry to live in.

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Malville said perhaps the culture that built the stones laid the groundwork for Egypt's great civilization. "The Nabta culture may have been a trigger for the development of social complexity in Egypt that later led to the Pharaonic dynasty," he said.
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brillbilly

PostMon Aug 03, 2009 3:32 am » by brillbilly


great homework marduk,the world is full of ancient wonders :flop: :cheers:

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PostMon Aug 03, 2009 5:15 am » by Immortalgropher


I've been surfing this site long enough. This topic made me decide to register, so hi =P.

I'd like to say that I don't believe we have done everything on our own, I believe our brains are too feeble to have created certain devices and things of that nature. We can only use a certain percentage of our brains, if we could unlock our brains and use them to 100% or even 50% of the true capabilities within them, I believe we would all unlock the secrets we wish to know.

Sounds silly I'm sure, but the things we could know and see and do would skyrocket, it makes sense that we were either created or helped along.

One place I believe holds a ton of secrets is the sphinx, I believe there is something big inside there that could tell us a whole lot about races and alien activity.

http://www.lyghtforce.com/Giza/index.html <~~interesting read
A Gropher is a distant relative of the Gopher species...:peep:

brillbilly

PostMon Aug 03, 2009 5:49 am » by brillbilly


immortalgropher wrote:I've been surfing this site long enough. This topic made me decide to register, so hi =P.

I'd like to say that I don't believe we have done everything on our own, I believe our brains are too feeble to have created certain devices and things of that nature. We can only use a certain percentage of our brains, if we could unlock our brains and use them to 100% or even 50% of the true capabilities within them, I believe we would all unlock the secrets we wish to know.

Sounds silly I'm sure, but the things we could know and see and do would skyrocket, it makes sense that we were either created or helped along.Schematics, Tunnels, and Chambers



One place I believe holds a ton of secrets is the sphinx, I believe there is something big inside there that could tell us a whole lot about races and alien activity.

http://www.lyghtforce.com/Giza/index.html <~~interesting read

Image could be so much under the sphinx but they are not telling us,welcome mate :cheers:

brillbilly

PostMon Aug 03, 2009 5:55 am » by brillbilly


ImageImage Image :peep: :cheers:

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PostMon Aug 03, 2009 5:55 am » by Newearthman


immortalgropher wrote:I've been surfing this site long enough. This topic made me decide to register, so hi =P.

I'd like to say that I don't believe we have done everything on our own, I believe our brains are too feeble to have created certain devices and things of that nature. We can only use a certain percentage of our brains, if we could unlock our brains and use them to 100% or even 50% of the true capabilities within them, I believe we would all unlock the secrets we wish to know.

Sounds silly I'm sure, but the things we could know and see and do would skyrocket, it makes sense that we were either created or helped along.

One place I believe holds a ton of secrets is the sphinx, I believe there is something big inside there that could tell us a whole lot about races and alien activity.

http://www.lyghtforce.com/Giza/index.html <~~interesting read

Welcome my friend. You are on to something...if we didn't have help from aliens, we must of been useing more of our brain or had a spiritual connection like psycic abilities or channelling...something we lost or was hidden from us in our past. We have lost touch with ourselves and nature while gaining a great deal of technology in the last hundred years...its hard to make sence of things both past and present! :cheers:
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