Atheist dies, comes back, becomes a minister.

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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 12:17 am » by Spock


kryptik wrote:Given that the main point I was trying to reach is religion divides people



This is true, and your display of your religion is a perfect example of it. You may not claim one, but you follow a belief system just as dogmatic and hateful as any jihadist or Westboro Baptist.

Look at the venom you sling because people won't follow what you believe as "truth".

Bravo for using yourself as an example! :flop:

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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 2:15 am » by kryptik


Sorry if you took what i said as "slinging venom" I'm not trying to promote my belief at all I'm just pointing out all the major flaws of the christian belief and wanted to have an educated discussion about it but the very first reply to my first post was immediately inflammatory. I have brought up facts suggesting they are contradictory to main stream belief and wanted to discuss it and instead of anyone arguing any valid points what so ever I get attacked and conversion gets diverted. The only time I even mentioned was my belief was in the edit of the last post in which I was replying to someone who had once again diverted the conversation to something else about suggesting this incredible high they have. I have seen first hand the destruction this religion can do to families not even through a physical stand point and all one needs to do is read a history book to see the horrible things it has done in the past. Therefore I am going to voice my opinion about it and the things I know about it. At the end of it I see were this going and if people would like to have a civilized debate with facts I will be more than happy to come back and discuss but for now religion is dividing us. Believe what you want and I will what I want and as long as we both help everyone and everything in this world and dont harm or kill others in the name of our beliefs then good day to you all.

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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 2:26 am » by Malogg


kryptik wrote:Wow I never said I believe whole heartily believe what zeitgeist says but one cannot discredit the facts put forth about religion based on the message of the whole film. If you discredit everything that has been presented because it contains a shred of something that may be disputed well then I'm afraid most people would not believe in anything.

The bible may be a book of fictitious stories but yes based on event from folk that so said eye witnessed miracles with out a doubt it be true to certain fact but who the feck cares about then and past as the now and future is what will and has not yet come to pass .


You are so ridiculous you are admitting right there the bible is a bunch of fictions books and then go on to defend it. Please show me one accurate historical testimony that was written down while jesus was supposedly alive claiming that he performed miracles. All the books in the bible that claim this were written over 300 years after his death. The only source you will come up with is that of josepheus which has been proven to be a fallacy by numerous scholars and historians.

On a random side note just because you use feck instead of fuck I still don't think jesus would approve of your foul words and direct insults at another person.

It is quite obvious that you are immediately getting angry and very defensive towards me when I am simply trying to point out FACTS that contradict everything you believe in. It is well known by most that when someone immediately lashes back in anger and gets defensive it is because they believe in something that they cannot rationally debate with another individual who does not share those same beliefs and challenges them.

Given that the main point I was trying to reach is religion divides people and those who believe tend to attack anyone who does not share that same belief. If this is how you act on a forum to someone who has challenged your beliefs with valid facts I hate to see what you would do to someone who actually challenged your beliefs in person. I sure hope you would not do like many before you have and cause injury if not kill those who don't agree with you.

I feel sorry for you for thinking I am acting as "the way of the demon". For I am attempting to get you to realize the truth so you don't act like a "demon" yourself which you seem to be well on your way of doing. Unfortunately for you i will continue argue until my "bones dissipate beyond star dust" because I can factually prove you are wrong you are just to self righteous to see and even attempt to understand anything beyond your own opinion. However I can already see you are a lost cause because you obviously will not even take a minute out of your day to read and research someone elses opinion because apparently you are always right and cannot be proved wrong. That is the true definition of ignorance my friend.

Edit to add: And if you want to feel a rush that is better than any high you can get using drugs. Try to have an out of body experience which can be achieved through meditation and many different techniques. I have experienced the next dimension first hand without the use of any drugs and that is truly how to find God via first hand experience and not what some book tells you. Not to mention you want to talk about a life long atheist converting to a false religion. I am a living example of a born and raised christian for many years who has completely renounced it because I was able to use reason, research and common sense to come to my current beliefs rather than being spoon fed what to believe. God is within all of us and is there to lead and guide everyone to a better life but it has absolutely nothing to do with christianity, jesus or the likes of any other religion.


dude ffs all tall tales with some sort of historic fact exist and over the ole time have fkn arms and legs added to the truth but still religion does that as in faith and knowing is a fair fkn difference you have mistaken the message of the Big Man lol may I add yes I have done all the research thats needed to know about folk and the connections between zeitsh1t and this pish http://thevenusproject.com/en/technology/construction with dodgy wanna be agents that peddle disinfo ahahaha :lol:


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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 4:02 pm » by Spock


Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) wrote:“Try and penetrate with our limited means the secrets of nature and you will find that, behind all the discernible concatenations, there remains something subtle, intangible and inexplicable. Veneration for this force beyond anything that we can comprehend is my religion. To that extent I am, in point of fact, religious.”

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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 9:33 pm » by Kaarmaa


Spock wrote:
Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) wrote:“Try and penetrate with our limited means the secrets of nature and you will find that, behind all the discernible concatenations, there remains something subtle, intangible and inexplicable. Veneration for this force beyond anything that we can comprehend is my religion. To that extent I am, in point of fact, religious.”


Image

Religion and Science
By Albert Einstein

(The following article by Albert Einstein appeared in the New York Times Magazine on November 9, 1930 pp 1-4. It has been reprinted in Ideas and Opinions, Crown Publishers, Inc. 1954, pp 36 - 40. It also appears in Einstein's book The World as I See It, Philosophical Library, New York, 1949, pp. 24 - 28.)

Everything that the human race has done and thought is concerned with the satisfaction of deeply felt needs and the assuagement of pain. One has to keep this constantly in mind if one wishes to understand spiritual movements and their development. Feeling and longing are the motive force behind all human endeavor and human creation, in however exalted a guise the latter may present themselves to us. Now what are the feelings and needs that have led men to religious thought and belief in the widest sense of the words? A little consideration will suffice to show us that the most varying emotions preside over the birth of religious thought and experience. With primitive man it is above all fear that evokes religious notions - fear of hunger, wild beasts, sickness, death. Since at this stage of existence understanding of causal connections is usually poorly developed, the human mind creates illusory beings more or less analogous to itself on whose wills and actions these fearful happenings depend. Thus one tries to secure the favor of these beings by carrying out actions and offering sacrifices which, according to the tradition handed down from generation to generation, propitiate them or make them well disposed toward a mortal. In this sense I am speaking of a religion of fear. This, though not created, is in an important degree stabilized by the formation of a special priestly caste which sets itself up as a mediator between the people and the beings they fear, and erects a hegemony on this basis. In many cases a leader or ruler or a privileged class whose position rests on other factors combines priestly functions with its secular authority in order to make the latter more secure; or the political rulers and the priestly caste make common cause in their own interests.

The social impulses are another source of the crystallization of religion. Fathers and mothers and the leaders of larger human communities are mortal and fallible. The desire for guidance, love, and support prompts men to form the social or moral conception of God. This is the God of Providence, who protects, disposes, rewards, and punishes; the God who, according to the limits of the believer's outlook, loves and cherishes the life of the tribe or of the human race, or even or life itself; the comforter in sorrow and unsatisfied longing; he who preserves the souls of the dead. This is the social or moral conception of God.

The Jewish scriptures admirably illustrate the development from the religion of fear to moral religion, a development continued in the New Testament. The religions of all civilized peoples, especially the peoples of the Orient, are primarily moral religions. The development from a religion of fear to moral religion is a great step in peoples' lives. And yet, that primitive religions are based entirely on fear and the religions of civilized peoples purely on morality is a prejudice against which we must be on our guard. The truth is that all religions are a varying blend of both types, with this differentiation: that on the higher levels of social life the religion of morality predominates.

Common to all these types is the anthropomorphic character of their conception of God. In general, only individuals of exceptional endowments, and exceptionally high-minded communities, rise to any considerable extent above this level. But there is a third stage of religious experience which belongs to all of them, even though it is rarely found in a pure form: I shall call it cosmic religious feeling. It is very difficult to elucidate this feeling to anyone who is entirely without it, especially as there is no anthropomorphic conception of God corresponding to it.

The individual feels the futility of human desires and aims and the sublimity and marvelous order which reveal themselves both in nature and in the world of thought. Individual existence impresses him as a sort of prison and he wants to experience the universe as a single significant whole. The beginnings of cosmic religious feeling already appear at an early stage of development, e.g., in many of the Psalms of David and in some of the Prophets. Buddhism, as we have learned especially from the wonderful writings of Schopenhauer, contains a much stronger element of this.

The religious geniuses of all ages have been distinguished by this kind of religious feeling, which knows no dogma and no God conceived in man's image; so that there can be no church whose central teachings are based on it. Hence it is precisely among the heretics of every age that we find men who were filled with this highest kind of religious feeling and were in many cases regarded by their contemporaries as atheists, sometimes also as saints. Looked at in this light, men like Democritus, Francis of Assisi, and Spinoza are closely akin to one another.

How can cosmic religious feeling be communicated from one person to another, if it can give rise to no definite notion of a God and no theology? In my view, it is the most important function of art and science to awaken this feeling and keep it alive in those who are receptive to it.

We thus arrive at a conception of the relation of science to religion very different from the usual one. When one views the matter historically, one is inclined to look upon science and religion as irreconcilable antagonists, and for a very obvious reason. The man who is thoroughly convinced of the universal operation of the law of causation cannot for a moment entertain the idea of a being who interferes in the course of events - provided, of course, that he takes the hypothesis of causality really seriously. He has no use for the religion of fear and equally little for social or moral religion. A God who rewards and punishes is inconceivable to him for the simple reason that a man's actions are determined by necessity, external and internal, so that in God's eyes he cannot be responsible, any more than an inanimate object is responsible for the motions it undergoes. Science has therefore been charged with undermining morality, but the charge is unjust. A man's ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education, and social ties and needs; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeed be in a poor way if he had to be restrained by fear of punishment and hopes of reward after death.

It is therefore easy to see why the churches have always fought science and persecuted its devotees.On the other hand, I maintain that the cosmic religious feeling is the strongest and noblest motive for scientific research. Only those who realize the immense efforts and, above all, the devotion without which pioneer work in theoretical science cannot be achieved are able to grasp the strength of the emotion out of which alone such work, remote as it is from the immediate realities of life, can issue. What a deep conviction of the rationality of the universe and what a yearning to understand, were it but a feeble reflection of the mind revealed in this world, Kepler and Newton must have had to enable them to spend years of solitary labor in disentangling the principles of celestial mechanics! Those whose acquaintance with scientific research is derived chiefly from its practical results easily develop a completely false notion of the mentality of the men who, surrounded by a skeptical world, have shown the way to kindred spirits scattered wide through the world and through the centuries. Only one who has devoted his life to similar ends can have a vivid realization of what has inspired these men and given them the strength to remain true to their purpose in spite of countless failures. It is cosmic religious feeling that gives a man such strength. A contemporary has said, not unjustly, that in this materialistic age of ours the serious scientific workers are the only profoundly religious people.


The religion of the future will be a cosmic religion. It should transcend a personal God and avoid dogmas and theology. Covering both the natural and the spiritual, it should be based on a religious sense arising from the experience of all things, natural and spiritual, as a meaningful unity. Buddhism answers this description.

Albert Einstein


Another Einstein quote you might also like :

"I cannot imagine a God who rewards and punishes the objects of his creation, whose purposes are modeled after our own -- a God, in short, who is but a reflection of human frailty. Neither can I believe that the individual survives the death of his body, although feeble souls harbor such thoughts through fear or ridiculous egotisms." (Albert Einstein, obituary in New York Times, 19 April 1955)



Have a nice cherry pie :cheers:

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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 9:42 pm » by Spock


I actually thought Einstein came to a great realization,being someone that is typically championed as brilliant - which he was. And I think that quote of his screams that he could not write off the possibility of divinity.

A brilliant mathematician, yet he had difficulty tying his shoe laces.

Here's another excellent quote from a neurosurgeon, someone that knows the brain and studies consciousness, unlike Einstein, who would simply ponder these subjects....

Dr. Eben Alexander MD wrote:One thing that we will have to let go of is this addiction to simplistic, primitive, reductive materialism. Because, there is really no way, that I can see, a reductive materialist model becoming remotely in the right ballpark to explain what we really know about consciousness now. And coming from a neurosurgeon who, before my coma, thought I was quite certain how the brain and mind interacted, and it was very clear in that realm that the brain gives you consciousness and everything else, and when the brain dies, there goes consciousness, soul, mind; it's all gone, and it was clear. Now, having been through my coma, I can tell you that's exactly wrong, and that in fact, the mind and consciousness are independent of the brain.


Dr. Eben Alexander

Birth: Charlotte, North Carolina, December, 1953

Education:
1972 Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, NH
1975 A.B. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
1980 M.D. Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC
Postdoctoral Training

Internship and Residencies:
1980-1981 Intern in General Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina
1981-1983 Resident in Neurological Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina
1985 Acting Resident in Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
1985-1987 Resident in Neurological Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina
1987 Senior Registrar and Cerebrovascular Fellow, Neurosurgical Service, Newcastle General Hospital, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, England, U.K.
1988-1990 Instructor in Surgery, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Research Fellowships:
1983-1985 Research Fellow in Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
1987 Research Fellow in Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Certifications:
1991 Diplomate, American Board of Neurological Surgery, November, 1991
1996 Inducted as a Fellow, American College of Surgeons (F.A.C.S.)

Publications:

Publications in Medicine
1. Soules, MR, Hughes, CL Jr., Garcia JR, Livengood, CH, Prystowsky, MR, Alexander, E III. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: Role of human chorionic gonadotropin and 17- hydroxyprogesterone.Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1980: 55(6): 696-700.

2. Alexander, E., Jr., Alexander E., III. German influence on the work of Harvey Cushing, the pioneer of neurosurgery in America. Neurosurgery. 1981: 9 (5) 501-505.

3. Alexander, E., III, Friedman, AH. Characteristics of adrenergic receptors in human pial arterioles. Surgical Forum. 1983: 43: 508.

4. Alexander, E, III, Black, P McL, Liszczak, TM, Zervas, NT. Delayed CSF lavage for arteriographic and morphological vasospasm after experimental SAH. J Neurosurg. 1985: 63:9 49-958.

5. Rossitch, E, Jr, Alexander, E, III, Schiff, SJ, Bullard, DE. Computer tomography guided stereotactic aspiration of a brainstem abscess. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery. 1988: 90:365-368.

6. Rossitch E, Jr., Carrazana, EJ, Ellenbogen, RG, Alexander, E, III. Kluver-Bucy syndrome following recovery from transtentorial herniation. British Journal of Neurosurgery. 1989: 3: 503-506.

7. Alexander E, III, Siddon, RL, Loeffler, JS. The acute onset of nausea and vomiting following stereotactic radiosurgery: Correlation with total dose to area postrema. Surgical Neurology. 1989:32: 40-44.

8. Loeffler, JS, Alexander E, III, Siddon RL, Saunders, WM, Coleman, CN, Winston, KR. Stereotactic radiosurgery for intracranial arteriovenous malformations using a standard linear accelerator. International J Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics. 1989: 17: 673-677.

9. Alexander, E, III, Rossitch, E, Jr., Small, K, Rossenwasser, GO, Abson, P. Merkel cell carcinoma: long term survival in a patient with proven brain metastasis and presumed choroid metastasis. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery. 1989: 91 (4):317-320.

10. Small, KW, Rosenwasser, GO, Alexander, E III, Rossitch, E Jr, Dutton JJ. Presumed choroidal metastasis of Merkel cell carcinoma. Annals of Ophthalmology. 1990: 22:187-190.

11. Loeffler, JS, Alexander, E, III. The role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of intracranial tumors. Oncology. 1990: 4(3): 21-31.

12. Loeffler, JS, Kooy, HM, Wen, PY, Fine, HA, Cheng, C-W, Mannarino, EG, Tsai, JS, Alexander, E, III. The treatment of recurrent brain metastases with stereotactic radiosurgery. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 1990: 8(4): 576-582.

13. Rossitch, E Jr, Moore, MR, Alexander, E, III, Black, PMcL. The neurosurgeon's neurosurgeon. Cushing operates on a Penfield. Surgical Neurology. 1990: 33:150-153.

14. Crawford, JM, Rossitch, E, Jr., Oakes, WJ, Alexander, E, III. Arteriovenous malformation of the great vein of Galen associated with patent ductus arteriosus: Report of three cases and review of the literature. Child's Nervous System. 1990: 6:18-22.

15. Loeffler, JS, Rossitch E, Jr., Siddon, RL, Moore, MR, Rockoff, MA, Alexander, E, III. The role of stereotactic radiosurgery with a linear accelerator in the treatment of intracranial arteriovenous malformations and tumors in children. Pediatrics. 1990: 85(5): 774-782.

16. Alexander E III, Moore, MR, Siddon, RL, Rossitch E, Jr., Loeffler, JS. Successful management of intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVM) with stereotactic external beam using a standard linear accelerator. Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. 1990: 54 + 55: 548-549.

17. Alexander E III, Rossitch E, Jr., Siddon, RL, Moore, MR, Loeffler, JS. The role of stereotactic radiosurgery with a linear accelerator in the treatment of pediatric intracranial tumors. Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. 1990: 54 + 55: 549-550.

18. Loeffler JS, Siddon RL, Wen PY, Nedzi LA, Alexander E III. Stereotactic radiosurgery of the brain using a standard linear accelerator: study of early and late effects. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 1990: 17:311-321.

19. Nashold, BS, Jr., Rossitch, E, Jr., Alexander, E, III. Dorsal root entry zone surgery for pain management: An update. Pain Management. 1991: 4(1): 15-23.

20. Alexander E III, Friedman, AH. Radioligand binding to adrenergic receptors in human pial membranes. Neurosurgery. 1990: 27(1):52-59.

21. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Hochberg FH, Wen PY, Morris J, Siddon RL, Schoene W, Morse RH, Black PMcL. Clinical patterns of failure following stereotactic interstitial irradiation in malignant gliomas. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 1990:19:1455-1462.

22. Carvalho PA, Schwartz RB, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Zimmermann RE, Nagel JS, Holman BL. Extracranial metastatic glioblastoma: appearance on T1-201 chloride/Tc- 99m-hmpao SPECT. J Nucl Med 1991: 32:322-324.

23. Rossitch E Jr, Alexander, E III, Black, PM, Cooke JP. L-arginine normalizes endothelial function in cerebral vessels from hypercholesterolemic rabbits. J Clin Invest. 1991: 87: 1295-1299.

24. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Wen PY, Shea WM, Coleman CN, Kooy HM, Fine HA, Nedzi LA, Silver B, Riese NE, Black PM. Results of stereotactic brachytherapy used in the initial management of patients with glioblastoma. J Nat Cancer Inst. 1990: 82:1918- 1921.

25. Tsai J-S, Buck BA, Svensson GK, Alexander E III, Cheng C-W, Mannarino EG, Loeffler JS. Quality assurance in stereotactic radiosurgery using a standard linear accelerator. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 21: 737-748, 1991.

26. Kooy HM, Nedzi LA, Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Cheng CW, Mannarino E, Holupka E, Siddon RL. Treatment planning for stereotactic radiosurgery of intracranial lesions. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 21: 683-693, 1991.

27. Nedzi LA, Kooy H, Alexander E III, Gelman RS, Loeffler JS. Variables associated with the development of complications from radiosurgery of intracranial tumors. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 21: 591-599, 1991.

28. Holman BL, Zimmerman RE, Johnson KA, Carvalho PA, Schwartz RB, Loeffler JS, Alexander E, Pelizzari CA, Chen GTY. Computer-assisted superimposition of magnetic resonance and high resolution Technetium-99m-HMPAO and Thallium-201 SPECT images of the brain. J Nucl Med 32(8):1478-1484, 1991.

29. Loeffler JS, Macklis RM, Wen PY, Fine HA, Alexander E III, Coleman CN. Alternative and future strategies in the treatment of malignant gliomas. Semin Rad Oncol,1: 69-78, 1991.

30. Alexander, E III, Loeffler, JS: Introduction, to Radiosurgery: Enhancement of Clinical Excellence, Alexander, E III, Loeffler, JS, Gildenberg, PL, Franklin, PO (Eds). Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, 1992: 57(1): 5-6.

31. Coleman CN, Noll L, Riese N, Buswell L, Howes AE, Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Wen P, Harris JR, Kramer RA, Hurwitz SJ, Neben TY, Grigsby P. Final report of the Phase I trial of continuous infusion etanidazole (SR2508): A radiation therapy oncology group study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 22: 577-580, 1992.

32. Hurwitz SJ, Coleman CN, Riese N, Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Buswell L, Neben TY, Shargel L, Kramer RA. Distribution of etanidazole into human brain tumors: Implications for treating high grade gliomas. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 22:573-576, 1992.

33a. Schwartz RB, Carvalho PA, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Folkerth R, Holman BL. Dual isotope SPECT using T1-201 and Tc-99m hmpao in the differentiation of radiation necrosis from recurrent glioma. AJNR 12: 1187-1192, 1991.

33b. Schwartz RB, Carvalho PA, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Folkerth R, Holman, BL: Radiation necrosis versus high - grade recurrent glioma: differentiation by using dual isotope SPECT using T1-201 and Tc-99m HMPAO. AJR 158: 399-404, 1992

34. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Shea WM, Wen PY, Fine HA, Kooy HM, Black P McL: Radiosurgery as part of the initial management of patients with malignant gliomas. J Clinical Oncology, 10:1379-1385,1992.

35. Carvalho PA, Schwartz RB, Alexander E III, Garada BM, Zimmerman RE, Loeffler JS, Holman BL. Detection of recurrent gliomas with quantitative Thallium-201/ Technetium-99m hmpao single-photon emission computed tomography. J Neurosurg 77 (4): 565-570, 1992.

36. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS. Radiosurgery for intracranial vascular malformations: techniques, results and complications. Clin Neurosurg 39: 273-291, 1992.

37. Nedzi LA, Kooy HM, Alexander E III, Svensson GK, Loeffler JS: Dynamic field shaping for stereotactic radiosurgery: A modeling study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 25:859-869, 1993.

38. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Schwartz RB, Johnson KA, Carvalho PA, Garada BM, Zimmerman RE, Holman BL. Thallium-201 Technetium-99m HMPAO stereotactic craniotomies in heavily irradiated malignant glioma patients. Acta Neurochirurgica 122: 215-217, 1993.

39. Tishler RB, Loeffler JS, Lunsford LD, Duma C, Alexander E III, Kooy HM, Flickinger JC: Tolerance of cranial nerves of the cavernous sinus to radiosurgery. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 27: 215-221, 1993.

40. Kooy HM, Nedzi LA, Ledoux RL, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Dose-volume histogram computations for small intracranial volumes. Med Phys 20: 755-760, 1993.

41. Black P McL, Tarbell N, Alexander E III, Rockoff M, Zhan, M, Loeffler JS: Stereotactic techniques in managing pediatric brain tumors. Child's Nerv Syst: 9:343- 347, 1993.

42. Alexander E III: Glioblastoma Revisited: Do clinical observations match basic science theory? Radiosurgery: Clinical observations. J Neuro-oncology 17: 167-173, 1993.

43. Haregewoin A, Alexander E III, Black P McL, Loeffler JS: Autocrine regulation of the production of the gaseous messenger nitric oxide in a glioblastoma cell line. Experimental Cell Research 210:137-1139, 1994.

44a. Larson DA, Bova F, Eisert D, Kline R, Loeffler J, Lutz W, Mehta M, Palta J, Schewe K, Schultz C, Shaw E, Wilson JF, Lunsford LD, Alexander E, Chapman P, Coffey R, Friedman W, Harsh G IV, Maciunas R, Olivier A, Steinberg G, Walsh J: Consensus statement on stereotactic radiosurgery quality improvement. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 28:527-530, 1994.

44b. Lunsford LD, Alexander E, Chapman P, Coffey R, Friedman W, Harsh G IV, Maciunas R, Olivier A, Steinberg G, Walsh J, Larson DA, Bova F, Eisert D, Kline R, Loeffler J, Lutz W, Mehta M, Palta J, Schewe K, Schultz C, Shaw E, Wilson JF: Consensus statement on stereotactic radiosurgery quality improvement. Neurosurgery 34:193-195, 1994.

45. Gleason PL, Kikinis R, Altobelli D, Wells W, Alexander E III, Black PM, Jolesz F: Video registration virtual reality for nonlinkage stereotactic surgery. Stereotact Functional Neurosurgery 63 (1-4): 139-143, 1994.

46. Kooy HM, Van Herk M, Barnes PD, Alexander E III, Dunbar SF, Tarbell NJ, Mulkern RV, Holupka EJ, Loeffler JS: Image fusion for stereotactic radiotherapy and radiosurgery treatment planning. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 28:1229-1234, 1994.

47. Wen PY, Alexander E III, Black PM, Fine HA, Riese N, Levin JM, Coleman CN, Loeffler JS: Long term results of stereotactic brachytherapy used in the initial treatment of patients with glioblastomas. Cancer 73:3029-2036, 1994.

48. Riese NE, Loeffler JS, Wen PY, Alexander E III, Black P McL, Coleman CN: A phase I study of etanidazole and radiotherapy in malignant glioma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 29:617-620, 1994.

49. Hughes-Davies L, Mannarino E, Alexander E III, Kooy H, Loeffler JS: Technical modifications required to treat cervical chemodectomas with stereotactic radiosurgery. Surg Neurol 41:418-420, 1994.

50. Dunbar SF, Tarbell NJ, Kooy HM, Alexander E III, Black P McL, Barnes PD, Goumnerova L, Scott RM, Pomeroy S, LaVally B, Sallan SE, Loeffler JS: Stereotactic radiotherapy for pediatric and adult brain tumors: preliminary report. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 30:531-539, 1994.

51. Loeffler JS, Shrieve DC, Alexander E III: Radiosurgery for glioblastoma multiforme: the importance of selection criteria. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 30:731-733, 1994.

52. Bodis S, Alexander E III, Kooy H, Loeffler JS: The prevention of radiosurgery-induced nausea and vomiting by ondansetron: evidence of a direct effect on the central nervous system chemoreceptor trigger zone. Surg Neurol 42(3):249-252, 1994.

53. Shrieve DC, Tarbell NJ, Alexander E III, Kooy HM, Black PMcL, Dunbar S, Loeffler JS: Stereotactic radiotherapy: a technique for dose optimization and escalation for intracranial tumors. Acta Neurochir 62:55-60, 1994.

54. Alexander E III, Moriarty TM, Davis RB, Wen PY, Fine HA, Black PM, Kooy HM, Loeffler JS: Stereotactic radiosurgery for the definitive, noninvasive treatment of brain metastases. J National Cancer Institute 87 (1):34-40, 1995.

55. Alexander E III, Kooy HM, van Herk M, Schwartz M, Barnes PD, Tarbell N, Mulkern RV, Holupka EJ, Loeffler JS: MRI-Directed stereotactic neurosurgery: Use of image fusion with CT to enhance spatial accuracy. J Neurosurg 83:271-276, 1995.

56. Stokes MA, Soriano SG, Tarbell NJ, Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Black PMcL, Rockoff MA: Anesthesia for stereotactic radiosurgery in children. J Neurosurg Anesth, 7:100-108, 1995.

57. Shrieve DC, Alexander E III, Wen PY, Fine HA, Kooy HM, Black PM, Loeffler JS: Comparison of stereotactic radiosurgery and brachytherapy in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg 36(2): 275-284, 1995.

58. Sarkaria JN, Mehta MP, Loeffler JS, Buatti JM, Chappell RJ, Levin AB, Alexander E III, Friedman WA, Kinsella TJ: Radiosurgery in the initial management of malignant gliomas: survival comparison with the RTOG recursive partitioning analysis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 32:931-941, 1995.

59. Schwartz MS, Loeffler JS, Black P McL, Shrieve DC, Wen PY, Fine HA, Alexander E III. Reoperation following radiosurgery of glioblastoma: impact on survival and neurologic status. Radiosurgery 1:141-157, 1996.

60. Moriarty TM, Loeffler JS, Black P McL, Shrieve DC, Wen PY, Fine HA, Kooy HM, Alexander E III. Long-term follow-up of patients treated with stereotactic radiosurgery for single or multiple brain metastases. In: Alexander E III, Kondziolka D, Lindquist C, Loeffler JS, (eds), Radiosurgery 1995, Karger, Basel, pp 83-91, 1996.

61. Kooy HM, Cosman ER, Harlan RB, Ledoux RJ, Bellerive MR, Hacker FL, Killoran JH, Mannarino EG, Tarbell NJ, Alexander E III, Shrieve DC, Loeffler JS: A dynamic collimator system for conformal stereotactic radiosurgery and radiotherapy. In: Alexander E III, Kondziolka D, Lindquist C, Loeffler JS, (eds), Radiosurgery 1995, Karger, Basel, pp 276-287, 1996.

62. Loeffler JS, Shrieve DC, Alexander E III, Kooy HM, Tarbell NJ, Stieg PE, Wen PY, Black P McL: Stereotactic radiotherapy for meningiomas. In: Alexander E III, Kondziolka D, Lindquist C, Loeffler JS, (eds), Radiosurgery 1995, Karger, Basel, pp 47- 54, 1996.

63. Schulder M, Loeffler JS, Howes AE, Alexander E III, Black P McL: The radium bomb: Harvey Cushing and the interstitial irradiation of gliomas. J Neurosurg 84:530-532, 1996.

64. Kikinis R, Gleason PL, Moriarty TM, Moore MR, Alexander E III, Stieg PE, Matsumae M, Lorenson WE, Cline HE, Black PM, Jolesz FA: Computer-assisted interactive three-dimensional planning for neurosurgical procedures. Neurosurgery 38 (4): 640-651, 1996.

65. Auchter RM, Lamond JP, Alexander E III, Buatti JM, Chappell R, Friedman WA, Kinsella TJ, Levin AB, Noyes WR, Schultz CJ, Loeffler JS, Mehta MP: A multiinstitutional outcome and prognostic factor analysis of radiosurgery for resectable single brain metastasis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 35:27-35, 1996.

66. Alexander E III, Moriarty TM, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery for Metastases. J Neuro Oncol 27:279-285, 1996.

67. Ettinger GJ, Grimson WEl, Leventon ME, Kikinis R, Gugino V, Cote W, Karapelou M, Aglio L, Shenton M, Potts G, Alexander E: Non-invasive functional brain mapping using registered transcranial magnetic stimulation. Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Mathematical Methods in Biomedical Image Analysis, San Francisco, CA, June 21-22, pp. 32-41, 1996.

68. Patrice SJ, Sneed PK, Flickinger JC, Shrieve DC, Pollack BE, Alexander E III, Larson DA, Kondziolka DS, Gutin PH, Wara WM, McDermott MW, Lunsford LD, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery for hemangioblastoma: results of a multiinstitutional experience. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 35:493-499, 1996.

69. Schwartz RB, Holman BL, Garada BM, Carvalho PA, Folkerth R, Schwartz MS, Loeffler JS, Shrieve DC, Polak JF, Black PM, Alexander E III: Dual isotope single-photon emission computerized tomography used for prediction of histology and survival in patients after high-dose radiotherapy for malignant astrocytoma. Neurosurgical Focus 1(3), Article 1, 1996.

70. Varlotto JM, Shrieve DS, Alexander E III, Kooy HM, Black PMcL, Loeffler JS: Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of acoustic neuromas: preliminary results. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 36:141-145, 1996.

71. Black PMcL, Alexander E III, Tarbell NJ, Shrieve DS, Goumnerova LC, Loeffler JS: Linear accelerator-based radiosurgery for malignant tumors of the central nervous system. Critical Rev in Neurosurg 6:225-231, 1996.

72. Schulder M, Black PMcL, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: The influence of Harvey Cushing on neuroradiologic therapy. Therapeutic Radiology 201:671-674, 1996.

73. Alexander E III, Moriarty TM, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA: Innovations in minimalism: Intraoperative MRI. Clinical Neurosurgery 43: 338-352, 1996.

74. Schulder M, Black PMcL, Shrieve DC, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Permanent low-activity iodine-125 implants for cerebral metastases. J Neuro-Oncology 33:213-221, 1997.

75. Black PM, Moriarty T, Alexander E III, Stieg P, Woodard EJ, Gleason PL, Martin CH, Kikinis R, Schwartz RB, Jolesz FA: Development and implementation of intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging and its neurosurgical applications. Neurosurgery 41(4): 831- 842, 1997.

76. Nakajima S, Kikinis R, Black PM, Atsumi H, Leventon ME, Hata N, Metcalf DC, Moriarty TM, Alexander E III, Jolesz FA: Image-guided neurosurgery at Brigham & Women's Hospital. In: Computer-Assisted Surgery, Tamaka N, Ehara K, eds. Springer- Verlag, Tokyo, 144-162, 1997.

77. Alexander E III, Moriarty TM, Kikinis R, Black P, Jolesz FM. The present and future role of intraoperative MRI in neurosurgical procedures. Stereotact Functional Neurosurgery 68:10-17, 1997.

78. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery for primary malignant brain tumors. Semin Surg Oncol 14:43-52, 1998.

79. Hakim R, Loeffler JS, Wen PY, Fallon MP, Black PM, Stieg PE, Alexander E III. Linac radiosurgery for meningiomas. In: Alexander E III, Kondziolka D, Lindquist C, Loeffler JS, (eds), Radiosurgery 2, Karger, Basel, pp 16-24, 1998.

80. Chang EL, Loeffler JS, Riese NE, Wen PY, Alexander E III, Black PM, Coleman CN: Survival results from a phase I study of etanidazole (SR2508) and radiotherapy in patients with malignant glioma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 40(1): 65-70, 1998.

81. Hakim R, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Shrieve DC, Wen PY, Fallon MP, Stieg PE, Black PM. Results of linar accelerator-based radiosurgery for intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurgery 42(3): 446-454, 1998.

82. Schwartz RB, Holman BL, Polak JF, Garada BM, Schwartz MS, Folkerth R, Carvalho PA, Loeffler JS, Shrieve DC, Black PM, Alexander E III. Dual-isotope single-photon emission computerized tomography scanning in patients with glioblastoma multiforme: association with patient survival and histopathological characteristics of tumor after high- dose radiotherapy. J Neurosurg 89:60-68, 1998.

83. Schwartz RB, Hsu L, Black PM, Alexander E III, Wong TZ, Klufas RA, Moriarty T, Martin C, Isbister HG, Cahill CD, Spaulding SA, Kanan AR, Jolesz FA. Evaluation of intracranial cysts by intraoperative MR. JMRI 8:807-813, 1998.

84. Potts GF, Gugino LD, Leventon ME, Grimson, EL, Kikinis R, Cote W, Alexander E, et al. Visual hemifield mapping using transcranial magnetic stimulation coregistered with cortical surfaces derivwed from magnetic resonance images. J Clin Neurophysiol 15(4):344-350, 1998.

85. Schwartz RB, Hsu L, Kacher DF, Wong TZ, Alexander E III, Okon S, Guttmann CRG, Black PM, Kelley RA, Moriarty T, Martin C, Isbister HG, Cahill CD, Spaulding SA, Jolesz FA. Intraoperative dynamic MRI: Localization of sites of brain tumor recurrence after high-dose radiotherapy. JMRI 8:1085-1089, 1998.

86. Mitsumori M, Shrieve DC, Alexander E III, Kaiser UB, Richardson GE, Black PM, Loeffler JS. Initial clinical results of Linac-based stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic radiotherapy for pituitary adenomas. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 42(3):573-580, 1998.

87. Potts GF, Gugino LD, Leventon ME, Grimson WE, Kikinis R, Cote W, Alexander E III, Anderson JE, Ettinger GJ, Aglio LS, Shenton ME. Visual Hemifield Mapping Using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Coregistered With Cortical Surfaces Derived From Magnetic Resonance Images. J Clinical Neurophysiology 15(4): 344-350, 1998.

88. Shrieve DC, Alexander E III, Black PM, Wen PY, Fine HA, Kooy HM, Loeffler JS. Treatment of patients with primary glioblastoma multiforme with standard postoperative radiotherapy and radiosurgical boost: prognostic factors and long-term outcome. J Neurosurg 90:72-77, 1999.

89. Schwartz RB, Hsu L, Wong TZ, Kacher DF, Zamani AA, Black PM, Alexander E III, Stieg PE, Moriarty TM, Martin CA, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA. Intraoperative MR imaging guidance for intracranial neurosurgery: experience with the first 200 cases. Radiology 211(2):477-88, 1999.

90. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: The case for radiosurgery. Clin Neurosurg 45:32-40, 1999.

91. Black PM, Alexander E III, Martin C, Moriarty T, Nabavi A, Wong TZ, Schwartz RB, Jolesz F. Craniotomy for tumor treatment in an intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging unit. Neurosurgery 45(3): 423-431, 1999.

92. Stieg PE, Friedlander RM, Loeffler JS, Alexander E III: Arteriovenous malformations: Indications for stereotactic radiosurgery. Clin Neurosurg 47:242-248, 2000.

93. Moriarty TM, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Larson PS, Alexander E III, Gleason PL, Schwartz RB, Jolesz FA, Black PM. Frameless stereotactic neurosurgery using intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging: stereotactic brain biopsy. Neurosurgery 47(5): 1138-1146, 2000. (Professional Student Author Larson PS)

94. Rauzzino MJ, Tubbs RS, Alexander E III, Grabb PA, Oakes WJ: Spinal neurenteric cysts and their relation to more common aspects of occult spinal dysraphism. Neurosurg Focus 10 (1): Article 2, 2001.

95. Gugino LD, Aglio LS, Potts G, Grimson WEL, Shenton ME, Kikinis R, Alexander E, Gonzalez AA, Romero R, Ettinger GJ, Cote WA, Leventon ME, Black PM. Perioperative Use of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Techniques in Neurosurgery 7(1): 33-51, 2001.

96. Hodgson DC, Goumnerova LC, Loeffler JS, Dutton S, Black P, Alexander E, Xu R, Silver B, Tarbell NJ. Radiosurgery in the Management of Pediatric Brain Tumors. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 50: 929-935, 2001.

97. Villavicencio AT, Black PM, Shrieve DC, Fallon MP, Alexander E, Loeffler JS. Linac Radiosurgery for Skull Base Meningiomas. Acta Neurochirurgica: 143(11);1141-52, 2001.





Invited Articles: Original Articles, Review Articles, Book Chapters
1. Alexander, E III, Hildreth, DH. Parachuting and Hang Gliding. In: Sports Injuries: Mechanisms, Prevention and Treatment. Richard C. Schneider, John C. Kennedy, Marcus L. Plant (Eds), Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore 1985: 496- 515.

2. Alexander, E III, Black, P McL. Cerebral blood flow and arteriographic vasospasm: Effects of delayed lavage in an experimental canine model. In: Cerebral Vasospasm. (Wilkins, RH, editor) Raven Press, New York. 1988: 395-401.

3. Nashold, BS, Jr., Alexander, E. Neurosurgical treatment of deafferentation pain. In: Handbook of chronic pain management (Tollison, CD, editor), Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 1989:125-135.

4. Eben Alexander Jr. Blaine S. Nashold, Jr. Surg Neurol 36: 1-2, 1991.

5. Loeffler JS, Alexander, E III, Kooy, HM, Wen, PY, Fine, HA, Black, PM: Stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastases. In: Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, Update, DeVita V, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA (eds) Lippincott, Phildadelphia 1991: 5(2):1-12.

6. Nashold, BS, Jr., Alexander, E III. Neurosurgical relief of pain. In: Textbook of Surgery (Sabiston, DC, editor), W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia. 1991: 1275-1281.

7. Rossitch E Jr, Carrazana EJ, Moore MR, Alexander E III, Black PM. El Doctor Harvey Cushing: neurocirujano y illustrador medico. Revista Chilena de Cirugia 1991: 43: 94-96.

8. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery using a modified linearaccelerator. In: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America (Lunsford LD, Ed.), W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1992: 3(1): 167-190.

9. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery for malignant gliomas. In: Stereotactic Radiosurgery Update (Lunsford LD, Ed.), Elsevier, New York. 1992: 399-406.

10. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Wen PY, Fine HA, Kooy HM, Black PM: Radiosurgery for brain metastases: Five year experience at the Brigham & Women's Hospital. In: Stereotactic Radiosurgery Update (Lunsford LD, Ed.), Elsevier, New York. 1992: 383- 392.

11. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III: The role of radiation therapy in the management of astrocytomas. In: Astrocytomas: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Biology. Black P McL, Schoene W, Lampson L (eds), Blackwell, Boston, 1993, pp 73-85.

12. Black P McL, Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Tarbell NJ, Fine HA, Wen PY, Scott RM, Sallan SE, Moore MR: Cerebral Hemisphere Astrocytomas. In: Astrocytomas: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Biology. Black P McL, Schoene W, Lampson L (eds), Blackwell, Boston, 1993, pp 151-165.

13. Loeffler JS, Tarbell NJ, Dunbar SF, Kooy H, Mannarino E, Bellerive M, Svensson GK, Alexander E III: The potential role of stereotactic radiotherapy in the management of intracranial lesions. Varian 14th Users' Meeting Proceedings, 1992, pp 8-10.

14. Lunsford LD, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: General Introduction: History of Radiosurgery. In: Stereotactic Radiosurgery. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Lunsford LD, (eds), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993, Chapter 1, pp 1-4.

15. Fontanesi J, Loeffler JS, Alexander E III: Pediatric Tumors. In: Stereotactic Radiosurgery. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Lunsford LD, (eds), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993, Chapter 15, pp 189-196.

16. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III: Radiosurgery for the treatment of intracranial metastases. In: Stereotactic Radiosurgery. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Lunsford LD, (eds), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993, Chapter 16, pp 197-206.

17. Alexander E III, Coffey R, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery for Gliomas. In: Stereotactic Radiosurgery. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Lunsford LD, (eds), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993, Chapter 17, pp 207-219.

18. Alexander E III, Lindquist C: Special indications: Radiosurgery for functional neurosurgery and epilepsy. In: Stereotactic Radiosurgery. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Lunsford LD, (eds), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993, Chapter 18, pp 221-225.

19. Alexander E III, Leavitt DD, Kooy HM: Future directions: Linear accelerators. In: Stereotactic Radiosurgery. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Lunsford LD, (eds), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1993, Chapter 21, pp 243-248.

20. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Kooy HM, Black P McL, Tarbell NJ: Stereotactic radiotherapy: rationale, techniques and early results. In: Stereotactic Surgery and Radiosurgery, DeSalles AAF, Goetsch SJ (eds): Medical Physics Publishing, Madison, 1993, pp 307-320.

21. Alexander E III, Black P McL, Wen PY, Fine H, Loeffler JS: Results of radiosurgery versus brachytherapy for malignant gliomas. In: Stereotactic Surgery and Radiosurgery, DeSalles AAF, Goetsch SJ (eds): Medical Physics Publishing, Madison, 1993, pp 455-461.

22. Loeffler, JS, Alexander E III: Radiosurgery in the definitive management of CNS malignancies. In: Organ Conservation in Curative Cancer Treatment, Meyer JL andVaeth JM (eds), Karger, Basel. Frontiers Radiation Therapy and Oncology 27: 227- 244, 1993.

23. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Stereotactic radiotherapeutic approaches: Overview. In: Mauch P and Loeffler JS (eds), Radiation Oncology: Technology and Biology, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1994, pp 193-197.

24. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Kooy HM: Stereotactic Radiosurgery, In: Pell MF and Thomas DGT, (eds), Handbook of Stereotaxy Using the CRW Apparatus: Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1994, pp 179-192.

25. Wen PY, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Stereotactic radiosurgery treats intracranial lesions. Diagnostic Imaging. May, 1994, pp 76-107.

26. Loeffler JS, Shrieve DC, Tarbell NJ, Alexander E III: External stereotactic radiation techniques for intracranial lesions. In: Kogelnik HD (ed): Progress in Radio- Oncology V, Monduzzi Editore, Bologna, pp 389-396, 1995.

27. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Stereotactic radiosurgical treatment of primary brain tumors, In: Haines SJ, Cohen A (eds): Minimally Invasive Techniques in Neurosurgery, Volume 7, Concepts in Neurosurgery, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1995, pp. 133- 138.

28. Loeffler JS, Shrieve DC, Wen PY, Fine HA, Kooy HM, Addesa AE, Black PM, Alexander E III: Radiosurgery for intracranial malignancies, In: Schwade J (ed) : Seminars in Radiation Oncology, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 5:225-234, 1995.

29. Black PM, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: New treatments for metastatic brain tumors. In: M Salcman, (ed): Current Techniques in Neurosurgery, 2nd Edition, Current Medicine, Philadelphia, pp. 151-156, 1995.

30. Wen PY, Fine HA, Black PM, Shrieve DC, Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: High-grade astrocytomas. In: Wen PY and Black PM (eds): Brain Tumors in Adults, Neurologic Clinics of North America, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 13(4):875-900, 1995.

31. Alexander E III: Skull Base Tumors, In: Samuels MA, Feske S (eds): Office Practice of Neurology, Churchill Livingstone, pp 875-878, 1996.

32. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgical treatment of intracranial metastases. In: Controversies in Neurosurgery. Al-Mefty O, Origitano TC, Harkey HL (eds), Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, pp. 49-54, 1996.

33. Moriarty TM, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Black PM, Alexander E III: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Therapy: Intraoperative MR Imaging, In: Maciunas, RJ (ed): Clinical Frontiers of Interactive Image-Guided Neurosurgery. Neurosurgical Clinics of North America 7(2), W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, pp. 323-331, 1996.

34. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Recurrent brain metastases. In: Harsh GR IV (ed). Neurosurgical Clinics of North America, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 517-526, 1996.

35. Jolesz FA, Hsu L, Schwartz RB, Zamani AA, Moriarty TM, Alexander E III, Black PM, Wells W, Kikinis R. MRI-guided neuro-interventions. American Society of Neuroradiology, pp 218-219, 1996.

36. Schwartz RB, Moriarty TM, Alexander E III, Black PM, Ainslie MD, Isbister HG, Jolesz FA. Interactive MR-guided intervention of brain lesions. American Society of Neuroradiology, pp 36-37, 1996.

37. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Clinical experience with linac radiosurgery, In: Gildenberg P, Tasker R (eds): Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, pp 745-756, 1997.

38. Nakajima S, Kikinis R, Atsumi H, Leventon M, Hata N, Metcalf D, Moriarty T, Alexander E, Black P, Jolesz F: Image-guided neurosurgery at Brigham and Women's Hospital, In: Tamaki N and Ehara K(ed) Computer-Assisted Neurosurgery, Springer-Verlag Tokyo: 144-162, 1997.

39. Schwartz RB, Hsu L, Black PM, Alexander E III, Stieg PE, Moriarty T, Isbister HG, Cahill CD, Jolesz FA: The value of intraoperative MRI in intercranial procedures, In: Interventional MR: Techniques and clinical experience, FA Jolesz and Ian R Young, Editors. Martin Dunitz Ltd, London, pp. 419-430, 1998.

40. Alexander E III, Kikinis R, Black PM, Jolesz F: Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging, In: Barnett GH, Maciunas R, Roberts D, (eds): Image-Guided Neurosurgery: Clinical Applications of Interactive Surgical Navigation, Quality Medical Publishers, Inc. St. Louis, MO, pp 215-227, 1998.

41. Moriarty TM, Alexander E III, Stieg PE, Woodard E, Jolesz FA, Black PM. MR guided neurosurgery. Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, eds. Darzi A, Gedroyc W, Gould S. ISIS Medical Press, Oxford, England, 1999.

42. Moriarty TM, Jolesz FA, Alexander E III, Stieg PE, Woodard EJ, Schwartz R, Black PM. Intra-operative MRI for Neurosurgery. Interventional MRI, ed. Lufkin RB, Mosby, Philadelphia, PA. pp. 255-262,1999.

43. Alexander E III, Nashold, BS: A History of Neurosurgical Navigation, In: Alexander E III, Maciunas RJ: Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation, Edited by Alexander E III and Maciunas RJ, Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York, 1999, pp. 3-14.

44. Alexander, E III, Garada B, Schwartz RB, Hill JW, Kooy HM: Fusion of Imaging Modalities: Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Computed Tomography and Angiography, In: Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation, Edited by Alexander E III and Maciunas RJ, Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York,. pp. 125-136, 1999.

45. Nakajima S, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, Atsumi H, Leventon ME, Grimson EL, Hata, N, Metcalf DC, Moriarty TM, Black, PM, Garada B, Alexander E III: Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Reconstruction for Surgical Planning and Guidance, In: Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation, Edited by Alexander E III and Maciunas RJ, Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York, 1999, pp. 137-145.

46. Gugino LD, Potts GF, Aglio LS, Alexander E III, Grimson E, Kikinis R, Shenton ME, Black PM, Ettinger Gil, Cote W, Leventon M, Gonzalez AA: Localization of Eloquent Cortex Using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, In: Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation, Edited by Alexander E III and Maciunas RJ, Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York, 1999, pp.163-199.

47. Maciunas RJ, Alexander E III, Hill JW: Stereotactic Frame-Based Guidance of Craniotomies: Cosman-Roberts-Wells System, In: Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation, Edited by Alexander E III and Maciunas RJ, Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York, 1999, pp. 289-300.

48. Alexander E III, Hill JW, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery for Malignant Brain Tumors, In Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation, Edited by Alexander E III and Maciunas RJ, Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York,, pp. 427-441, 1999.

49. Alexander E III, Black PM, Martin CH, Kikinis R, Hill JW, Jolesz FA: Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging, In: Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation, Edited by Alexander E III and Maciunas RJ, Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York,, pp. 530- 538, 1999.

50. Maciunas RJ, Alexander E III: Future Advances in Neurosurgical Navigation, In: Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation, Edited by Alexander E III and Maciunas RJ, Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York, pp. 585-588, 1999.

51. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: The role of radiosurgery for glial neoplasms. Neurosurg Clin N Am: 10(2):351-8, 1999.

52. Black PM, Martin CH, Alexander E III, Moriarty T, Stieg PA, Woodard E, Schwartz R, Wong T, Jolesz F. Imaging of the nervous system during surgery: General considerations and limitations. In: Neurosurgery: The scientific basis of clinical practice (Edition 3), (Chapter Number 58), Edited by Crockard A, Hayward R and Hoff JT, (Vol 2) Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 867-876, 2000.

53. Martin C, Alexander E III, Jolesz F, Black PM. Surgery in the MRI environment, In: Operative Neurosurgery, Edited by Andrew H. Kaye and Peter McL. Black, Churchill-Livingstone, London, pp. 185-198, 2000.

54. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS. Radiosurgery for metastases, In: Operative Neurosurgery, Edited by Andrew H. Kaye and Peter McL. Black, Churchill-Livingstone, London, pp. 407-416, 2000.

55. Alexander E III. Optimizing brain tumor resection: Midfield interventional MR imaging. In: MR-Guided Therapy in Neurosurgery,: Edited by Truwit C. Neuroimaging Clin N Am: 11 (4): 659-672, 2001.

56. Stieg PE, Friedlander RM. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III. Arteriovenous malformations: indications for stereotactic radiosurgery. Clinical Neurosurgery. 36 (47) 242-248, 2001.

57. Alexander E III. Linac Radiosurgery, In: Youmans Neurological Surgery, Edited by HR Winn, Saunders-Elsevier, Philadelphia, pp. 4111-4116, 2004.

Books And Supplements
1. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Gildenberg PL, Franklin PO (Eds): Radiosurgery: Enhancement of Clinical Excellence. In: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery: 57(1): 112 pp, 1992.

2. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS, Lunsford LD (Eds): StereotacticRadiosurgery. McGraw-Hill, New York, 272 pp., 1993.

3. Alexander E III, Kondziolka D, Lindquist C, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery 1995, Karger, Basel, 350 pp, 1996.

4. Alexander E III, Kondziolka D, Lindquist C, Loeffler JS: Radiosurgery 1997, Karger, Basel, 268 pp, 1998.

5. Alexander E III, Maciunas RJ: Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation,Thieme Medical, Stuttgart, New York, 605 pp, 1999.

6. Alexander E III, Kondziolka D, Lindquist C, Loeffler JS, Smee R:Radiosurgery 1999, Karger, Basel, 293 pp, 2000.

Letters
1. Alexander, E III: Mild to Moderate head injury, Eds JT Hoff, TE Anderson, TM Cole. Boston, Blackwell Scientific, 1989 (Book review). New Eng. J. Med. pp 282 7/26/1990

2. Loeffler, JS, Alexander, E III, Larson, D: Stereotactic radiation for intracranial arteriovenous malformations (letter). N Engl J Med, 1990: 323(23): 1636.

3. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III: Critique of stereotactic radiosurgery for intracranial arteriovenous malformations using a standard linear accelerator. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 18:1536,1990.

4. Alexander E III, Loeffler JS: Comment: Stereotactic radiosurgery of angiographically occult vascular malformations: Indications and preliminary experience. Neurosurgery 27: 900, 1990.

5. Loeffler JS, Alexander E III, Fine HA, Wen PY, Kooy HM, Black P McL,Shea WM: Use of radiosurgery in the treatment of malignant glioma. J Clin Oncol 2:195, 1993.

6. Alexander E III, Mulkern RV, Loeffler JS: Accuracy of stereotaxis. J Neurosurgery 84:303-304, 1996


Hope you enjoy Cherry Pie as much as I do. :sunny:

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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 10:23 pm » by Kaarmaa


Oh, I saw your post on Doctor Alexander, watched the first video, did some research on the internet and lost interest in him very quickly. Why? Because a scientist that "witnesses" such an extraordinary event should keep his ass in his lab and analyze and study what happened to him. Not writing books that are only bought by hopeless deathfearing individuals.
Why arent his scientific colleges taking a stand on that subject? Where are the scientific debates? His testimony is all we have (I know, there are million other people that had NDE's, just like there are millions that have been abducted by aliens...).
And here's my biggest problem with this guy : he talks about life beyond death while...beeing alive?! Isn't that a little bit of a contradiction? He talks about a near death experience...near death...almost there...not completely...yet, he call's his book "beyond death". That would mean to me that he's been resurrected.

I hope you understand my concern ( iactually believe that you don't give a flying fuck about what I think but hey, we're here to share toughts, right? :D ).

And be careful, don't choke on a cherry stone. :lol:

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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 10:35 pm » by Spock


BINGO! With the presentation of your rationale, I don't give a fuck what you think.

Congratulations on having everything figured out Archimedes! :alien51:

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PostWed Oct 10, 2012 10:39 pm » by Kaarmaa


Whatever... :mrgreen:

See you you on the other side, Sir :hiho:


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