Bioluminescence, which is weak but visible, is sometimes produced in living organisms, such as fireflies or jellyfish, as the result of specialized enzymatic reactions that require adenosine triphosphate. However, virtually all living organisms emit extremely weak light, spontaneously without external photoexcitation . This biophoton emission is categorized in different phenomena of light emission from bioluminescence, and is believed to be a by-product of biochemical reactions in which excited molecules are produced from bioenergetic processes that involves active oxygen species , . Human body is glimmering with light of intensity weaker than 1/1000 times the sensitivity of naked eyes , . By using a sensitive charge-coupled-device (CCD) camera with the ability to detect light at the level of a single photon, we succeeded in imaging the spontaneous photon emission from human bodies .
Previously, for obtaining an image, it took more than 1 hour of acquisition, which is practically impossible for the analysis of physiologically relevant biophoton emission. By improving the CCD camera and lens system, here we have succeeded in obtaining clear images using a short exposure time, comparable with the analysis of physiological phenomena. Since metabolic rates are known to change in a circadian fashion , , we investigated the temporal variations of biophoton emission across the day from healthy human body.
Results and Discussion
A cooled CCD camera operated at −120°C with slow scanning mode read-out was used with a specially designed high-throughput lens system. The camera was placed in a light-tight room in complete darkness (schematic illustration of the experimental setup is shown in Fig. 1A). Five healthy male volunteers, in their 20′s, were subjected to normal light-dark conditions and allowed to sleep from 0:00–7:00. On the days of photon imaging, volunteers were kept in a room (400 lux) adjacent to the dark room. For imaging purposes, the body surface was wiped and the subject was left 15 minutes in the dark room for dark adaptation, after which the naked subject in sitting position was exposed for 20 minutes to the CCD camera. Measurements were carried out in every 3 hours from 10:00 to 22:00 and continued for 3 days. Just before and after the measurements, the surface body (thermography) and oral temperature were taken. Saliva was also collected after the photon measurements for the analysis of cortisol level as a biomarker of endogenous circadian rhythms. Temporal variation of photon emission intensity was calculated from image data with extraction of the face and body intensity.
Statistics: Posted by Tjahzi — Mon Oct 20, 2014 11:13 am
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Statistics: Posted by Shaggietrip 2.5 — Sun Oct 19, 2014 11:15 pm
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Statistics: Posted by Shaggietrip 2.5 — Sun Oct 19, 2014 12:53 pm
The terminal velocity of an object is the velocity of the object when the sum of the drag force (Fd) and buoyancy equals the downward force of gravity (FG) acting on the object. Since the net force on the object is zero, the object has zero acceleration
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Statistics: Posted by Uknowthetruth — Sat Oct 18, 2014 9:08 pm
The discovery comes as new evidence indicates that the intensity of Earth’s magnetic field is decreasing 10 times faster than normal...
And since Earth’s magnetic field protects life from energetic particles from the sun and cosmic rays, both of which can cause genetic mutations, a weakening or temporary loss of the field before a permanent reversal could increase cancer rates. The danger to life would be even greater if flips were preceded by long periods of unstable magnetic behavior.
“We should be thinking more about what the biologic effects would be,” Renne said.
Coronal mass ejections from the sun will also affect Earth significantly during this transition.
“What’s incredible is that you go from reverse polarity to a field that is normal with essentially nothing in between, which means it had to have happened very quickly, probably in less than 100 years,” said Renne. “We don’t know whether the next reversal will occur as suddenly as this one did, but we also don’t know that it won’t.”
Rapid changes in field orientations may have occurred within the first interval of low strength. The full magnetic polarity reversal — that is, the final and very rapid flip to what the field is today — happened toward the end of the most recent interval of low field strength.
Statistics: Posted by Chronicnerd — Sat Oct 18, 2014 7:37 pm
Smash a sledge hammer into a hundred pound anvil and then feel the impact area not too much change. Barley noticeable
A few months before the 9/11 event I was writing a book
about a group of young females who survive the Sabra and Shatila massacre and vowed to take revenge on the west (NATO) for standing by and doing nothing to stop the slaughter.
The plan was that two of them would study and learn how to fly light aircraft then work up until they qualified to fly Boeing 747 transport aircraft
....The plot was to crash the aircraft into a nuclear power station.
I had to do a lot of research into the 747 and find out about weight, fuel load and maximum speed in a dive it could achieve. Then workout how much that represented in terms of explosive power transferred by the kinetic energy generated by the impact of the aircraft on a nuclear reactor building. I needed to workout if the energy was sufficient to penetrate the outer shell of the building.
But what I found out all the information I needed through my research on websites like Boeing any many others. I also asked questions on the net about kinetic energy and the explosive potential of a crashing 747.
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