i dont know mutch about this
Wounded Knee - On December 29, 1890, Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota was the final battle of the Indian Wars between the Great Sioux Nation and the United States. Beginning on February 27, 1973, Wounded Knee village was the site of the Wounded Knee siege, stand-off.
Pine Ridge Reservation was originally part of the Great Sioux Reservation established by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 and originally encompassed approximately 60 million acres, including parts of South Dakota, Nebraska and Wyoming. In 1876, the U.S. government violated the treaty of 1868 by opening up 7.7 million acres of the Black Hills to homesteaders and private interests.
It is the eighth largest reservation in the United States, but it is also the poorest. Unemployment at Pine Ridge hovers around 80%, and 49% of people live below the Federal poverty level. Adolescent suicide is four times the national average. Many of the families have no electricity, telephone, running water, or sewer. They use wood stoves to heat their homes. The population on Pine Ridge has one of the shortest life expectancies of any peoples in the Western Hemisphere.
Despite the lack of formal employment opportunities on Pine Ridge, there is considerable agricultural production taking place. Shamefully, only a small percentage of the tribe directly benefits from this. According to the USDA, in 2002 there was nearly $33 million in receipts from agricultural production on Pine Ridge. Less than one-third of that income went to members of the tribe.
The once Great Nation of Native Peoples, a people standing proud and brave, has been annihilated and brought to its knees. Their way of life wiped out, their traditions and beliefs frowned upon, packed away on some government reservation to be forgotten, and their freedom to roam and love this land they called home snatched away forever. Can there truly be any rationale to wonder, much less question, why they cannot forget, much less forgive?
The Ghost Dance
By the late 1880’s, many tribes were desperate and facing a terrible existence of poverty, hunger and disease. They searched for a means of salvation to restore their traditional culture. The evolution of a new religion, the Ghost Dance, was a reaction of the Native Peoples being forced to submit to government authority and reservation life.
The new religion was called the Ghost Dance by white people because of its teachings of resurrection and reunion with the dead. The Bureau was alarmed at the growing numbers of Ghost Dancers and believed that the ritual was an omen to renewed Indian militancy and violent rebellion. Unsurprisingly, white homesteaders panicked and the government responded. Out of fear, the Bureau of Indian Affairs banned the Ghost Dance.
To the distressed Lakota Sioux, the Ghost Dance religion promised an apocalypse for the coming years during which time the earth would be destroyed. Then it would be recreated with the Native Peoples as the inheritors of the new earth. Once the earth was wiped out, white people would be eliminated and buried under the new soil of the spring, which would cover the land and restore the prairie. The buffalo and antelope would return, and deceased ancestors would rise to once again roam the earth, forever free of violence, starvation, and disease. The natural world would be restored, and the land would once again be free and open to the Native peoples, without the borders and boundaries of the white man.
The massacre of 1890 eradicated that hope and dream, which, of course, was never meant to be realized. It was a horribly preventable and unforgettable tragedy causing the violent, bloody deaths of approximately 300 Oglala Lakota Sioux men, women and children and 29 U.S. soldiers on the frosty banks of Wounded Knee Creek.
The American Indian Movement
The American Indian Movement (AIM) is an organization of the Native American civil-rights movement, founded in 1968, though many of its people claim its existence for at least 500 years, if not under that title. Its purpose is to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights.
In 1973, seizing the tiny village of Wounded Knee, approximately 200 Sioux of the American Indian Movement (AIM) forced an armed showdown with FBI agents, BIA agents, and the U.S. Marshals. Their grievance alleging that over 300 treaties had been broken between the U.S. government and the Native Peoples. The ensuing siege lasted 71 days before the militants surrendered. The leaders were subsequently brought to trial, but the case was dismissed on grounds of misconduct by the prosecution.
Anna Mae Pictou Aquash
In September, 1976, Anna Mae Pictou Aquash's partially decomposed body was discovered in a remote area in the northeastern part of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota. She was a Canadian citizen and of the Míkmaq Peoples, who are a First Nations (Native American) people. Anna Mae was an activist and member of AIM. Her cause of death was determined to be a gunshot wound to the head. Her murder has been linked by media reports to the reservation murder investigation conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
This investigation was the result of the murders of 28-year old FBI Special Agents Jack Coler and Ron Williams, who were ambushed, wounded and finally killed at point-blank range execution-style on Pine Ridge on June 26, 1975. The major case investigation resulted in the trial and conviction of Leonard Peltier, and the trial and acquittal of two other individuals. Attention had been focused on Anna Mae for her possible knowledge of the slayings. Rumors circulated that she allegedly cooperated with the government and was an FBI informant. These rumors were untrue. To date, her murder has not been solved.
American Indian Mafia and Leonard Peltier
The history of the “Mafia” has been the cause of numerous Sicilian legends. The medieval dawn of the Mafia during the thirteenth century came about due to the beginnings of secret Sicilian societies, who wanted to protect and feed their people, and whose ultimate goals were to overthrow the tyrannical King Charles of Anjou. They had a battle cry, "morte alla Francia Italia anelia!" (Italian for "death to the French is Italy's cry!"), which anagram was
M A F I A.
There are those who believe the bona fide Mafia, the righteous Mafia, has not existed since the thirteenth century. The notorious crime families of today, though they may believe in the sacred oath of the society, do not uphold the integrity of the true Mafia of long ago.
“American Indian Mafia”, a book written by Joseph H. Trimbach and John M. Trimbach, published in Dec. 2007, seems to refer to the stigma of today’s Mafia crime families. Their laundry lists of corruption and organized crime include, but are not limited to, execution style murders, and all bets are off when they believe themselves betrayed.
Meticulous and painstaking research is the result of this terrifically informative book that touches many topics enveloping the American Indian Movement, hence the title “American Indian Mafia”. Joseph H. Trimbach was the FBI Special Agent in Charge during the 71-day stand-off at Wounded Knee. He and his son, John M. Trimbach, decided someone had to inform the public, and most importantly the Native Peoples, of the truth of what really happened in the 70's.
The two young FBI agents murdered in cold blood in 1975 worked under now retired Agent Trimbach. The lies and rumors circulating about what really happened had to be cleared. In the past, the U.S. government was the cause of hardship to the Natives Peoples, but it cannot be excused that much of what the American Indian Movement claims to represent is false. Though, its beginnings may have had the best of intentions.
The book tells of corruption and conspiracies of murders by AIM. How Leonard Peltier, who has been sentenced to life in prison for the murders of Jack Coler and Ron Williams, and his lawyers
“have bilked millions of people out of their money and time in support of his manufactured persona as an innocent man 'railroaded' into prison. AIM supporters have profited from promoting bogus conspiracy theories, such as claims that the FBI used a 'COINTELPRO' (Counter Intelligence Program) against AIM leaders and their lawyers, backed roving death squads on the reservation, and conspired in the (AIM-ordered) execution of AIM member Anna Mae Pictou Aquash.”
According to the book, authors, journalists, and so-called historians are guilty of passing along falsified history, much of it designed to divert attention away from AIM criminal activity.
Convicted killer and AIM member Leonard Peltier has attracted a worldwide following of supporters, including Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, the Dalai Lama, Amnesty International, Robert Redford and many others from the entertainment industry, not to mention several politicians who have labeled Peltier a “political prisoner.”
“It would be very meaning ful [sic] to the Native American people and all of us ho [sic] have watched and been saddened by a broken system…” —Actress Pamela Anderson, in a letter to President-elect Barack Obama advocating clemency for Leonard Peltier.
Maybe they see themselves more like Robin Hood. Lure the non-Native Americans into the casino and take what they can and give back to the tribe. Out of all of the ethnic groups i've worked with in America, I'd say the NA's carry more hate for the white man than any other group. But when I put myself into their place, I understand their bitterness.
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