Astronomical observatory discovered in Machu Picchu
The monument built with well -worked stones was identified in an inaccessible part of the National Park of Machu Picchu by the park director, anthropologist Fernando Astete Victoria, during the prospective - inventory work conducted on the slopes of Mount Huayna Picchu. The scientist invited the Polish team to cooperate in the research. Among the Polish scientists were Prof. Mariusz ZiÃ³Å‚kowski from Warsaw University and Prof. Jacek KoÅ›ciuk from WrocÅ‚aw University of Technology.
"Despite the difficult terrain we managed to perform 3D laser scans, which we then used to prepare a precise model of this amazing complex. Results of preliminary analysis indicate that it is a device used probably by a small group of Inca priests - astronomers for precise observations of the position of celestial bodies on the horizon, against the distinctive Yanantin mountain peaks" - said Prof. ZiÃ³Å‚kowski.
The importance of the discovery is exceptional. Inca ceremonial complexes - large squares, south or west-oriented solstice were known were known before. However, this is a different type of temple.
"+El Mirador+ (Sp. Vantage point - ed. PAP ) is so far the only discovered precise Inca astronomical observatory, apart from the +Astronomical Grotto+ Intimachay located also in Machu Picchu, incidentally studied last year by the same Peruvian-Polish team" - said the archaeologist.
Detailed results of the work carried out in the "El Mirador" will be presented in the first week of September at the International Conference of the Societe Europeenne pour l' Astronomie dans la Culture in Athens.
Polish researchers have been are working in Machu Picchu since 2008, as part of an agreement between the University of Warsaw and the regional delegation of the Peruvian Ministry of Culture in Cusco. The scope of work includes stone conservation, 3D documentation, and archaeoastronomy.
Sources and more information:
Allard Schmidt Archaeologists excavating at the famous Inca site of Machu Picchu in Peru have discovered the remains of an astronomical observatory. The Peruvian-Polish team cleared away an unexcavated building of the well-preserved Inca retreat, now the most popular destination in the country, and found that the stones of the structure have...
Walking into Machu Picchu was like a dream come true, and it was even better than I had imagined. I have a passion for archaeology, and am always amazed by the creativity and skill of ancient peoples. The innovativeness of Machu Picchu is astounding, something that you cannot fully realize until you walk through the city, learning about each and...
( via naukawpolsce.pap.pl )
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