WASHINGTON — A secret historical past of the United States authorities’s Nazi-searching operation concludes that American intelligence officials created a “safe haven” in the United States for Nazis and their collaborators immediately after Planet War II, and it details many years of clashes, often hidden, with other nations over war criminals below and overseas.
The 600-webpage report, which the Justice Department has tried to preserve secret for four years, provides new evidence about a lot more than two dozen of the most notorious Nazi circumstances of the last three decades.
It describes the authorities’s posthumous pursuit of Dr. Josef Mengele, the so-known as Angel of Death at Auschwitz, element of whose scalp was stored in a Justice Department official’s drawer the vigilante killing of a previous Waffen SS soldier in New Jersey and the government’s mistaken identification of the Treblinka concentration camp guard known as Ivan the Horrible.
The report catalogs each the successes and failures of the band of attorneys, historians and investigators at the Justice Department’s Office of Particular Investigations, which was produced in 1979 to deport Nazis.
Maybe the report’s most damning disclosures arrive in evaluating the Central Intelligence Agency’s involvement with Nazi émigrés. Scholars and prior federal government reports had acknowledged the C.I.A.’s use of Nazis for postwar intelligence applications. But this report goes even more in documenting the amount of American complicity and deception in these kinds of functions.
The Justice Department report, describing what it calls “the federal government’s collaboration with persecutors,” says that O.S.I investigators learned that some of the Nazis “were without a doubt knowingly granted entry” to the United States, even however federal government officers were conscious of their pasts. “America, which prided by itself on becoming a protected haven for the persecuted, became — in some tiny evaluate — a protected haven for persecutors as well,” it stated.
The report also files divisions in the government over the hard work and the legal pitfalls in relying on testimony from Holocaust survivors that was decades previous. The report also concluded that the amount of Nazis who made it into the United States was nearly surely much smaller than 10,000, the determine extensively cited by authorities officers.
The Justice Department has resisted making the report public since 2006 ( via nytimes.com ).