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This 1,600-Year-Old Goblet Shows that the Romans Were Nanotechnology Pioneers

This 1,600-Year-Old Goblet Shows that the Romans Were Nanotechnology Pioneers

August 26, 2013 - The colorful secret of a 1,600-year-old Roman chalice at the British Museum is the key to a super­sensitive new technology that might help diagnose human disease or pinpoint biohazards at security checkpoints.

The glass chalice, known as the Lycurgus Cup because it bears a scene involving King Lycurgus of Thrace, appears jade green when lit from the front but blood-red when lit from behind—a property that puzzled scientists for decades after the museum acquired the cup in the 1950s. The mystery wasn’t solved until 1990, when researchers in England scrutinized broken fragments under a microscope and discovered that the Roman artisans were nanotechnology pioneers: They’d impregnated the glass with particles of silver and gold, ground down until they were as small as 50 nanometers in diameter, less than one-thousandth the size of a grain of table salt. The exact mixture of the precious metals suggests the Romans knew what they were doing—“an amazing feat,” says one of the researchers, archaeologist Ian Freestone of University College London.


The ancient nanotech works something like this: When hit with light, electrons belonging to the metal flecks vibrate in ways that alter the color depending on the observer’s position. Gang Logan Liu, an engineer at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, who has long focused on using nanotechnology to diagnose disease, and his colleagues realized that this effect offered untapped potential.



Sources and more information:

Romans Were Nanotechnology Pioneers?

Ancient Romans Pioneered Nanotechnology


( via smithsonianmag.com )



2 comments

  • Yaok#

    Yaok wrote August 27, 2013 6:49:18 AM CEST

    Did they not learn from the Egyptians?

  • properREDeye#

    properREDeye wrote August 26, 2013 1:52:20 PM CEST

    Don't u think the title 'Romans were really good at making glass' might have been a more accurate representation of the story? Instead of making it sound like they had nanobots taking out the Gauls. Idiot titles like this mean you are not credible

 
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